Re: how to calculate voltage drop for 240 volt
It all depends on what you are trying to measure. The voltage drop on one wire of the 240 volt circuit at 14.2 amps will be the same as the voltage drop for one wire of a 120 volt circuit at 14.2 amps. The percentage will be different since the voltages are different.
Originally Posted by solarvic
However, if you put a load on only one side of a center-tapped 240 volt source, you will need to figure for the voltage drop in the phase wire and in the neutral wire, so you multiply that single-wire drop by 2.
On the other hand, if you put the same load on both sides of the 240 volt source, you will only figure the one wire drop for each of them, since there will be no current in the neutral wire.
Looking at it from a different point of view, the voltage drop for the two identical 120 volt loads in series will be the same as the voltage drop for a single 220 volt load with the same current.
The calculator results are a potentially misleading in this situation, since they are based on % voltage drop rather than absolute voltage drop. It may be easier for you to understand the results if you also look at the detail line (engineering specs) that tells you the actual voltage drop.
Using 120 volts: "3.6 volts maximum allowable voltage drop at 3%"
Changing only the voltage to 240: "7.2 volts maximum allowable voltage drop at 3%"
Sunny Boy 3000US, 18 x BP Solar 175b panels, installed 2009.